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Does music affect sport performance?
For years athletes all over the globe have been listening to their favorite song before a game because they think it will make them play better. Different genres of music affect performance in different sports, for example a cross country runner wouldn't want to listen to a really fast or really slow paced song but instead a song with a good rhythm to help them throughout the race, and a boxer would want to listen to a song that would get their heart rate up and their adrenaline pumping. Music can make someone feel relaxed or excited. A certain song can get you hyped up to compete against another team or help you relax and concentrate on strategy. Some songs make you more likely to take risks and that could help or hurt your performance depending on how big the risks you're taking.
There are many claims to this whether listening to music affect sport performance. In the Frontier s article published on November 21, 2017 it said that Dr. Paul Elvers and one study author did a study on whether listening to motivational music will increase the performance in a ball game, self-evaluative cognition, and the increase in risk taking behavior. So they conducted an experiment, with participants who were split into groups where they use their own selected music, the experimenter music or no music at all. As the participant all threw the ball from a close distance, some choose to throw it from a further distance instead to increased their risk taking behavior. The data showed that listening to music did increase risk-taking from the participant who got to choose their own playlist , but it did not improve their sport performance. However, in The Health Sciences Academy's article, 4 Remarkable Ways Music Can Enhance Athletic Performance it claimed that there are ways music can affect sport performance.
In The Health Sciences Academy's article, " 4 Remarkable Ways Music Can Enhance Athletic Performance", information is given to us claiming that there are four ways music can enhance performance, power, and strength. The first way mentioned was dissociation, which helps by taking one's focus away from the feeling of pain and fatigue. The second way mentioned is flow states created by music, which basically means being ''in the zone''. Synchronised music movement was also mentioned and can shift your level of movement, for example a faster paced song can give someone a faster pace making them more efficient on certain things while a slower song can help create a comfortable pace for let's say a runner. The final effect that was mentioned was the article also mentioned another incident that happened back in 2007 where the USA Track and Field placed a banning of headphones from official races to ensure safety and prevent runners from having a ''competitive edge".
Believe Perform posted an article that mentioned many similar ideas that were mentioned before. The five ways they said that music can have an effect on sports are: dissociation, arousal regulation, synchronization, acquisition of motor skills and attainment of flow. As you can see there is some overlap between information of the articles.The articles both seem to think that one's movement from listening to music while performing sports is a big impact to the athlete and his or her rivals which helped us make our decision in saying that music does affect sport performance one way or another.
Dean Alban of Wake Up World wrote an article on how music helps the brain. In the article Dean Alban says how music can motivate you and change your emotions, and emotions play a big factor in sports when it comes to staying focused. The article also says that music can help you concentrate and think clearer.
Sleep.org has an article that says music can help lower your heart rate and can help you sleep better. The article says soothing songs that are 60 to 80 BPM will help the most. The article doesn't go into much detail on why this happens, but if the music didn't help it would be easy to find out whether or not it would help you with sleep. If music can lower your heart rate then it could slow down the amount of adrenaline going through your body which would alter your performance..
Dean, A. How Music Benefits the Brain. Retrieved from https://wakeup-world.com/2015/03/19/how-music-benefits-the-brain/
Dennehy, V. How Can Music Influence Performance. Believe Performance. Retrieved from http://believeperform.com/performance/how-can-music-influence-performance/
Macur, J. (2007, November 1). A Marathon Without Music? Runners With Headphones Balk At Policy. The New York Times. Retrieved from http://www.nytimes.com/2007/11/01/sports/01iht-run.1.8142612.html
Paul, E. (2017, November 27). The Sound of Success: Investigating Cognitive and Behavioral Effect of Motivation Music in Sports. Frontiers. Retrieved from
Ruani, A. 4 Remarkable Way Music Can Enhance Athletic Performance. The Health Sciences Academy. Retrieved from
Sleep and Music. Retrieved from https://sleep.org/articles/sleep-music/